Most Original Named Works Published in a Book
Dr Amit Kumar C Jain (b Jan 21, 1979) of Bengaluru, India holds the distinction of having the most original named works published in a book. Eighteen of his named works are mentioned in the 6 th edition of Manipal Manual of Surgery, published in 2023.
First AI-integrated Telemedic Advanced Ambulance Service & ED on Wheels
Caritas Hospital and Institute of Health Sciences, Kottayam, Kerala launched India’s first Telemedic AI ED on wheels – C RATS AI (Caritas Remote Ambulance Telemetry Services) along with Caritas RATS AI app on Oct 28, 2023. With this artificial intelligence (AI) supported telemedic service, the Caritas team aims to provide continuous expert care to the patients while on their way to the hospital.
Most Original Eponymous Works in Medical Literature
Dr Amit Kumar C Jain, a surgeon based in Bengaluru, India, holds the distinction of having published the highest number of original eponymous works in medical literature. He has published 47 such works in scientific journals as on April 30, 2023.
Largest Rule in Medicine and Surgery (Diabetic Foot)
Amit Jain’s Rule of 3 for Diabetic Foot, propounded by Dr Amit Kumar C Jain (b 1979) of Bengaluru, India is the largest rule in medicine and surgery laid down by an Indian doctor. This open rule consists of more than 31 components as of 2022.
Youngest Doctor to be Honoured as ‘Father’ of a Field in Medical Literature
Dr Amit Kumar C Jain (b 1979), Consultant Surgeon at Amit Jain’s Institute of Diabetic Foot and Wound Care, Brindhavvan Areion Hospital, Bengaluru, India became the youngest Indian doctor to be referred to as ‘Father’ of a field in medical literature for his original innovative work in diabetic foot. He was 39 years old when he began to be considered as ‘Father of Modern Diabetic Foot Surgery’.
World's Youngest Doctor to Postulate a New Principle and Practice in Diabetic Foot in Medical Literature
Dr Amit Kumar C Jain (b 1979), Consultant Surgeon at Amit Jain’s Institute of Diabetic Foot and Wound Care, Brindhavvan Areion Hospital, Bengaluru, India laid and published the first principle and practice in diabetic foot in medical literature at the age of 35 years in 2014, becoming the youngest doctor to do so. He continued his work on this new principle and practice in subsequent years too.
Most Original Teaching Tools by a Doctor (World Record)
Dr Amit Kumar C Jain, Consultant Surgeon at Amit Jain’s Institute of Diabetic Foot and Wound Care, Brindhavvan Areion Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, has designed and developed five original eponymous teaching tools with sub-variants in the field of diabetic foot surgery, the highest by a doctor in a single field in medical literature.
World’s first Hindi audio health book for visually challenged women
World’s first Hindi audio health book for visually impaired women Mahila Darpan, written by Dr Sujata Sanjay (b July 8, 1980) of Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India was published on March 9, 2020. The 5:19 hr audio book deals with women’s health issues such as hormonal imbalance, pregnancy complications & prevention, anaemia, thyroid dysfunction, dysmenorrhea, cervical cancer etc.
Youngest copyright holder in maths
At eight years, Pranit Mathur (b July 17, 2009), S/o Rini and Vikas Mathur of Udaipur, Rajasthan held a copyright (dated August 17, 2017) for his innovation in Mathematics! A second grader then at St Paul’s Senior Secondary School, Udaipur, Pranit devised a novel maths technique to create multiplication tables of any digits in a jiffy.
Largest kidney removed
The world’s largest surgically removed kidney was 32 × 21.8 cm in size and weighed 7.4 kg. (A normal kidney weighs about 120-150 grams). A team of surgeons took out the cyst-covered kidney from a 56-year-old male patient suffering from autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India on Nov 25, 2019.
Largest plastic bezoar removed
Dr Sanjay Aggarwal, a Laparoscopic Surgeon at Sai Sanjivni Hospital, Solan, Himachal Pradesh and his team operated upon a 55-year-old woman patient and removed a 7-ft long plastic bezoar from her stomach on Nov 8, 2016, making it the largest such plastic bezoar removed in a surgical procedure. With the large and rare nest-like formation of plastic threads occupying her stomach up to the end of small intestine, the patient was unable to take normal food and was on a liquid diet for the past two years. She had a craving for plastic threads from gunny bags and been ingesting them for many years. The surgery was done in two hours.
Most satellites launched in a single flight
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) set a world record in space technology when its Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle C37 (PSLV-C37) successfully launched 104 satellites into their orbits on Feb 15, 2017. The total weight of all the 104 satellites carried on-board was 1,378 kg. The payload included India’s 714 kg Cartosat-2 Series satellite and two ISRO Nano Satellites – INS-1 and INS-2 – and 101 satellites from other countries. The rocket lifted off from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota and achieved a polar Sun synchronous orbit at 506 km in 16 minutes 48 seconds. In the next 12 minutes, all the 104 satellites separated from the PSLV.
Cancer research award
Indian-American scientist Dr Rakesh K Jain won the prestigious National Medal of Science (of USA) for his outstanding contribution to science and specifically his research on the link between tumour blood vessels and improving the effects of chemotherapy and radiation treatment. He received the award from US President Barack Obama on Jan 22, 2016.
World’s largest Pulmonary Function Tests campaign in a day
Aster Medcity Hospital, Kochi, Kerala, India in association with Kerala State Road Transport Corporation and Motor Vehicles Department organised the world’s largest Pulmonary Function Tests (PFT) campaign covering all 14 districts of Kerala in a single day from 9.30 am to 5.00 pm on April 24, 2018. PFTs were conducted on 6,920 people, who also participated in an Asthma & Allergy survey. The camp was held simultaneously at 24 KSRTC Bus Stations. Breathfree instructors from CIPLA, under the supervision of Dr Jacob Baby, Head of the Department of Aster Pulmonology carried out the tests while Lifeline Group of Companies, Kochi handled the event.
Largest mobile science exhibition
Science Express is a unique mobile science exhibition mounted on a custom-built 16 coach AC train, which has been travelling across the country since 2007 and setting new records. A mega outreach programme of Department of Science & Technology, Govt of India, it is managed by Vikram A Sarabhai Community Science Centre, Ahmedabad. The ninth phase of the science exhibition on wheels, titled ‘Science Express Climate Action Special (SECAS) II’ travelled 19,000 km across the country from Feb 17 – Sept 8, 2017.
World’s largest model of a human organ
VPS Lakeshore Hospital, Ernakulam, Kerala, India installed the world’s largest model of a human organ, a 26 ft (7.92 m) tall and 20 ft (6.1 m) wide heart, on top of its new hospital block on Jan 12, 2019. Built as part of its ‘Committed to Preventive Healthcare’ campaign, the 1.5 tonne ‘heart’, made of metal pipes and other polythene materials, was unveiled by CEO S K Abdulla. It was completed in 15 days with the help of 15 workers under the supervision of art director Sunil Lavanya and Lifeline Group of Companies, Kochi.
First Tubular Microdiscectomy using 12 mm tubular retractor
World’s first Tubular Microdiscectomy using a 12 mm diameter tubular retractor was successfully performed by consultant spine surgeon Dr Arvind G Kulkarni (b March 1, 1973) on a 60-year-old patient suffering from L5-S1 left-sided herniated nucleus pulposus of the disc at Bombay Hospital, Mumbai on Dec 27, 2018. With the narrowest tube, designed exclusively by Medtronics, USA, (usually 16 mm or 18 mm tubular retractors are used), he completed the procedure in the 30 minutes.
Most Scoliosis Patients Fitted with Orthotics and Trained in the Shortest Time
Jaya Rehabilitation Institute & Research Center, run by Shree Bidada Sarvodaya Trust, Bidada, Kutch, Gujarat, conducted Orthotic and Physio-Occupational Therapy Management on eight Scoliosis patients on Nov 17, 2018. The patients were screened, orthosis decided, moulded and fitted, besides giving them detailed exercise programme and training in Donning & Doffing method by Dr Mukesh Doshi, Dr Veerendra Shandilya, Sipra Lenka and team – all within 10 hours.
Most malignant tumours removed from the abdomen
Surgical removal of the most malignant tumours from a patient’s abdomen was achieved by Consultant Gastrointestinal Surgeon Dr Sujith Philip and team at Believers Church Medical College Hospital, Thiruvalla, Kerala on Nov 16, 2018. In the laparotomy procedure which lasted 6:40 hours, he removed 22 cancerous tumours from the abdomen of a 66-year-old male patient suffering from Recurrent Malignant Retroperitoneal Myxoid Liposarcoma. He was assisted by the team comprising Assistant Professor Dr Rahul D Kunju, Consultant Urologists Dr Aby Madan and Dr Thomson Jacob, Anaesthetists Dr Jithin Abraham and Dr Dona Elsa Jose and Staff Nurse Sheena Abraham].
World’s oldest woman to be operated upon
Kartar Kaur Sangha at the age of 118 years became the oldest person in the world to be operated upon at Satguru Partap Singh Apollo Hospital, Ludhiana on Feb 28, 2019. A team of doctors headed by Cardiologist Ravinder Singh implanted a permanent pacemaker in her heart.
Most Scoliosis patients fitted with orthotics and trained in the shortest time
Jaya Rehabilitation Institute & Research Center, run by Shree Bidada Sarvodaya Trust, Bidada, Kutch, Gujarat, conducted Orthotic and Physio-Occupational Therapy Management on eight Scoliosis patients on Nov 17, 2018. The patients were screened, orthosis decided, moulded and fitted, besides giving them detailed exercise programme and training in Donning & Doffing method by Dr Mukesh Doshi, Dr Veerendra Shandilya, Sipra Lenka and team – all within 10 hours from 9.00 am to 7.00 pm. [Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person’s spine has a sideways curve, usually an ‘S’ or ‘C’- shaped curve in the back.]
Most surgeries with music therapy
Kolkata-based orthopaedic surgeon, pianist and music therapy researcher Dr Sumanta Thakur, MBBS, D Ortho, MCH (Ortho), has been using music therapy before, during and after surgery, with the benefits of less anxiety, less sedatives and faster recovery for patients. He has successfully carried out such ‘musical’ procedures on more than 100 patients, as of August 2019.
Oldest woman to give birth
Setting a new world record, 74-year-old E Mangayamma of Draksharamam in East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh gave birth to twin baby girls, through in-vitro fertilization (IVF), at a private hospital in Guntur on Sept 5, 2019. She had remained childless since her marriage to E Raja Rao in 1962. The caesarean section was performed under the supervision of her gynaecologist, Dr Sanakkayala Aruna.
World’s first health book published in Braille (Hindi)
Dr Sujata Sanjay (b July 8, 1980), an obstetrician & gynaecologist from Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India published Mahila Darpan, the world’s first health book in Braille (Hindi) for the visually impaired on Dec 5, 2018. The book deals with women’s health issues such as hormonal imbalance, pregnancy complications & prevention, anaemia, thyroid dysfunction, dysmenorrhea, cervical cancer etc.
Largest mesenteric tumour removed
Dr Peethambaran M S (surgical gastroenterologist) and Dr Baburajan A K (cardiothoracic and vascular surgeon), assisted by a 12-member team, performed a rare and highly complex surgery in which they successfully removed the largest mesenteric fibromatosis (desmoid tumour) measuring 30 × 25 cm from a 29-year-old male patient at Avitis Institute of Medical Sciences, Nemmara, Palakkad, Kerala, India on March 26, 2019. The 3.5 kg jejunal mesenteric tumour was removed en masse in 6 hours. Team Members: Anaesthesiologists: Dr Thomas Gregory, Dr Deepak Falgunan, Dr Tobu Varghese Nurses: Bincy K Paul, Soumya Jose, Crystal Babu, Anjusha Unni, Neethu P S, Ranjith P Rajan Technicians: Jishnu Palliyalil, Anju M, Haritha K Prasad
World’s largest astrophysics lesson and assembly of spectroscopes
As part of the India International Science Festival – 2019, a group of 1,598 students of classes 6-11 from across West Bengal attended a 45-minute lecture on astrophysics at Science City, Kolkata on Nov 5, 2019. The lecture was delivered by science educator Samir Dhurde. The students also made models of an advanced spectroscope with cardboard.
Most students assembling radio kits simultaneously
The world record of most students assembling radio kits simultaneously was created in Kolkata, India on Nov 8, 2019, the third day of the India International Science Festival 2019. Out of 490 students who participated in the event, 268 successfully completed the task within the stipulated time of 2 hr.
Largest CPR Training Session in a Day
Indian Medical Association-Cochin, Angels International Foundation and District Legal Services Authority, in association with Ernakulam District Administration, National Health Mission and Department of Education, Govt of Kerala jointly organized ‘Heartbeats 2019’, the world’s largest American Heart Association (AHA) hands-only cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training session in a day at CIAL Convention Centre, Nedumbassery, Kerala, India on Nov 16, 2019, in which 28,523 students from 323 schools received the training in 8 hours.